Eczema is a form of inflammation of the upper layers of the skin. The term is broadly applied to a range of persistent or recurring skin rashes characterized by redness, skin swelling, itching and dryness, with possible crusting, flaking, blistering, cracking, oozing or bleeding. Areas of temporary skin discoloration sometimes characterize healed lesions, though scarring is rare. Affected areas include the face, chest and other skin crease areas.
Eczema is not contagious and currently cannot be cured. However, for most patients the condition may be managed well with treatment and avoidance of triggers.
Keeping the affected area moist can promote healing and prevent flare-ups.
Avoid drying agents such as normal soaps and bubble baths.
Avoid rough washcloths, sponges and loofahs.
Pat, do not rub the skin dry.
Antihistamine medication may reduce itching during a flare. The doctors may prescribe steroidal and non-steroidal creams, ointments or lotions. Use only and directed and never use another person’s medication.
If the skin is infected, antibiotics maybe prescribed.